Professor Susan Benesch
,a Faculty Associate of the Berkman Center
for Internet and Society at Harvard University and research advisor on the Umati project
has released a reportdescribing a set of violence prevention methods carried out in Kenya during the national elections of 2013, to counter inflammatory speech and limit its power to inflame audiences, while protecting freedom of expression.
It is impossible to measure accurately what role each effort played in preventing wide scale violence in Kenya in 2013, since a wide variety of interrelated factors were at play. But it seems undeniable that in its totality, the anti-violence/pro-peace speech in Kenya – coming from broadcasters, clergy, soccer stars, soldiers, and other diverse sources - played a significant role in maintaining public calm in 2013. Benesch's report, available here
, describes many of those efforts, including Sisi Ni Amani
, special episodes of Vioja Mahakamani
project and NipeUkweli
campaign, as well as a critique of 'peace propaganda.'The report highlights a need to conduct further experiments in Kenya and elsewhere, to further develop and improve methods for the prevention of violence.
The full report is available here: http://www.ihub.co.ke/ihubresearch/jb_BeneschCFPReportPeacebuildingInKenyapdf2014-3-25-07-08-41.pdf
For further information on The Dangerous Speech Project, seehttp://voicesthatpoison.org/
. Susan also recently gave a talk arounddata-driven methods to diminish hatred online